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Diamond Anatomy

When diamonds are cut, there are many different types of cuts called facets made on a diamond. The following chart will illustrate where these facets are and what they are called. Even though the illustration is for a round brilliant shape, the facet names are the same for other diamond shapes.
With most diamond shapes there are also different sections of a diamond. In our example, we will show you a typical round brilliant cut.
The table is the largest facet of the diamond.

The crown includes the section of the diamond between the girdle and the table.

The girdle is the section of the diamond that looks like a belt that goes around the diamond between the crown and pavilion. Some girdles might be faceted or polished. This does not affect the price of the diamond.

The pavilion is the bottom section of the diamond which leads to the point, or culet.
When a diamond is shaped, many cuts are made to give it its beauty and shine. These cuts are called facets. The diagram below describes the different facets in a typical round brilliant cut diamond.
The table is the largest facet of the diamond.

Star Facet:
Creates the star look in a diamond fact.

Bezel Facet:
This kite shaped facet fills in the space between the star and upper-girdle facets.

Upper-Girdle Facets:
These facets border the girdle.

This is the narrow band around the widest part of the diamond. It can be finished at standard with a slight granular surface, ground smooth or faceted.

Lower-Girdle Facets:
These facets border the girdle.

Pavilion Facets:
This facet gives the diamond a star pattern when viewed from the bottom.

This is the very tip of the pavilion. It is sometimes ground flat to prevent breaking of the tip.